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Minggu, 13 Maret 2011


Proposal of a Paper

A Research Methodology Class Assignment

A Portrait of a Man’s Struggle to Gain His Self-Reliance in
Robert Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island

A. Background of Choosing the Subject
Everybody certainly is eager to get a tremendous positive change toward his life. The change is shaped by certain moments to gain self-satisfaction, self-esteem, and even courage. Thus, a man needs a struggle to get what he wants in his mind with optimism and he has never to give up upon any unpleasant condition.
According to Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, A S Hornby (1995:1186), struggle is to try hard to do or achieve something that is difficult. Therefore, one has to remember that no gain without pain, for every experience and struggle is a way to make one to be mature.

Dealing to the fact that a man needs great efforts to derive a success, the writer is going to discuss a portrait of Jim Hawkins, a major character of Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson.
In Robert Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island people can see a portrait of Jim Hawkins’ struggle in which he faces many hard situations as a very young man among people who are older than he is. As a very young man Jim is forced to be mature from what happened to his life.
Indeed, this subject is interesting to be issued in this paper since Jim Hawkins, as described in the novel, devotes his life for the sake of treasure hunting with maintaining his survival within other people and some mutineers.

B. Scope of the Study
The research will be limited to Treasure Island. The attitude and behavior which depict human’s struggle will be the main focus of study.

C. Objective of the Study
The understanding a man’s struggle on this paper focuses some objectives which will outline the completion of this paper. The objectives are:
1. To describe a concept of struggle undergone by Jim Hawkins.
2. To expose some obstacles in Jim Hawkins’ life as well as elements which strengthen his self-reliance to cope with them.

D. Theoretical Approach
In order to focus on the presentation of this paper, it is necessary then to mention a theoretical approach, which will beneficially lead the writer to acquire a number of literary facts appearing in this novel. The theoretical approach is an objective criticism. In a glossary of Literary Terms, M H Abrams (1981:37) states:
“Objective criticism approaches the work as something which stand free from poet (read: author), audience and the environing world. It describes the literary product as a self-sufficient object or integer, or as a world-in-itself, which is to be analyzed and judged by “intrinsic” criteria such as complexity, coherence, equilibrium, integrity and the interrelations of its component elements.”
E. Method of Study
The method used in this research is library research, utilizing several documents dealing with the topic. The primary source will be the actual work, Treasure Island. Historical, sociological and psychological documents that support and are relevant with the primary source will be the secondary sources.

F. Reference
Stevenson, R.L, 1962. Treasure Island. Airmont Publishing Company, Inc. United States of America
Abram, M.H. 1981. A Glossary of Literary Terms. 3rd ed. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc. New York.
Hornby, A S, 1995. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Great Britain

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